'''James Madison, Jr.''' (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman, political theorist and the List of Presidents of the United States|fourth President of the United States
(1809–17). He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for being instrumental in the drafting of the U.S. Constitution
and as the key champion and author of the United States Bill of Rights|Bill of Rights
[Ralph Ketcham, ''James Madison: A Biography,'' (1971) pp. 229, 289–92,]
He served as a politician much of his adult life.
After the constitution had been drafted, Madison became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify it. His collaboration with Alexander Hamilton
and John Jay
produced The Federalist Papers|''The Federalist'' Papers
(1788). Circulated only in New York at the time, they would later be considered among the most important treatises in support of the Constitution. He was also a delegate to the Virginia...